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If you have business dealings with Chinese companies, their staff is likely to provide you with a scan or photo of their China ID Card, which is also known as the Resident Identity Card, is compulsory for all Chinese citizens and contains a lot of information about the holder.
What is a Chinese Citizen ID Card?
The Chinese ID Card is a document issued by the Public Security Organ that all Mainland Chinese citizens must own to prove their identity. Most Chinese people carry it with them most of the time. It contains a unique 18-digit number, which will accompany the holder for his whole lifetime. And by knowing that series of numbers, you can get to know the holder's Date of Birth, Place of Birth, and Gender.
The official name of the China ID Card is displayed on the front of each card in large Chinese characters:
中华人民共和国 (People's Republic of China)
居民身份证 (Resident Identity Card)
The Chinese ID Card is the size of a regular credit card and is a standard design that contains important information on both sides. The following is a sample of the front and back of the China ID Card. The back of the China ID Card usually contains a color photo of the individual on the right-hand side:
The front of the China ID Card contains the following information:
And the back of the China ID Card contains the following information:
Here's a breakdown of how the numbers is created:
The first 2 digits of the Citizen Identity Number represents the province, the next 2 digits represents the city and the final 2 digits represents the district or county.
Date of Birth Code
The date of birth code consists of 8 digits, which represent the year, month, and day in turn.
Interestingly, this 3 digits code reveals the gender of the holder, since odd numbers are issued to males and even numbers to females. No other discernable information was revealed.
This digit is simply a check if the Citizen Identity Number is valid.
This website claims to generate valid China ID Card numbers and can also be used to identify all of the address codes.
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